Get to know the different types and discover which may be the ones for your skin
By Kath Wong | June 4th, 2021
A chemical peel is commonly known as the skin exfoliating process done by acids, but there is more to it that you would want to know about before opting in for one.
Exfoliation or skin peeling removes dead skin cells to reveal the healthier and smoother skin underneath; chemical peels are able to help you achieve the results with just a simple step of applying the chemical solution to the skin, leaving it on for a few minutes, and neutralizing the treated area to complete the procedure. There are a few different common types of chemical peel available which vary by the penetration level as well as their roles to target and repair various skin types; and here is why in this article you will read about the differences and get the idea of suitable peel for yourself.
The Skin Peeling Depths And Targets
There are 3 depths of skin resurfacing that can be performed by the chemical peels, the choice mainly depends on the skin issues that you wish to work on. The depths are categorized into light, medium, and deep, while different acids are used for each depth.
Starting with the mildest - light chemical peel, also called a superficial peel, removes the outer layer of skin known as the epidermis. The acids are characterized by the AHA and BHA. Alpha Hydroxy Acid (AHA) is the mildest option which often consists of glycolic acid or lactic acid, whereas Beta Hydroxy Acid (BHA) is lipid-based, such as salicylic acid.
· Lactic acid, with its large molecular structure, is gentle and best for sensitive skin. Derived from milk, the acid helps to even out your skin tone, addresses age spots, melasma, rough texture, along with fine lines. Moreover, it offers a good hydrating effect.
· Glycolic acid is derived from sugar cane and functions similarly to lactic acid. The difference is that glycolic acid has a smaller molecular structure, this physical property allows it to penetrate deeper than lactic acid, going the extra mile to help with sun-damaged skin. In addition, glycolic acid benefits the skin with a collagen-boosting effect, which in the long run can help to increase skin thickness. However, it may stand more of a chance of skin irritation than lactic acid.
· Salicylic acid is well known for oily and acne-prone skin. The acid treats acne in both younger and older ones by encouraging exfoliation along with the unclogging of pores; it also has anti-inflammatory properties, which can help to reduce skin redness and irritation.
TCA (trichloroacetic acid) peels are the most commonly used medium to medium-deep chemical peels. The acid is able to penetrate through the epidermis and up to the surface of the dermis. It can be customized with varying strengths, depending on your skin needs, for instance, advanced pigmentary issues, sun damage, deeper wrinkles, acne scars, etc.
Deep chemical peel - phenols or carbolic acid targets deep wrinkles and scars by removing the epidermis along with the mid and lower layers of the dermis. It is the strongest peeling agent which can result in dramatic skin rejuvenation with a long-lasting effect.
Is It Okay To Perform The Treatment By Yourself?
Although there are various do-it-yourself chemical peels available all over the market, it is always a good idea to receive the treatments with trained professionals in clinics and hospitals.
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